Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari Palace
The palace of Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari, also known as the historic castle of Junqan, is located in the city of Junqan in Farsan city in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. The castle was built in the late Qajar period by Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari, at the summer residence of his father Hossein Qoli Khan Bakhtiari. He was one of the educated heads of Bakhtiari constitutionalists and the commander of the victors of Tehran during the constitutional revolution in Iran. It is said that Sardar Asaad built this palace with the aim of establishing trade agreements with Britain, as well as the supervision of Bakhtiari houses on the implementation of these agreements and the planning and decision-making of the Constitutional Revolution.
Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari Palace which was built based on European style was registered in national sites list in 1977.
Architecture of Junqan historical castle
Junqan historical castle which was influence by European castle was built in two floors. The upper floor, also known as the royal residence, has a porch with stone columns on three sides: north, south and east. In each of the north, south and east porches, there are six double columns. These columns are decorated with carvings of geometric patterns and multi-colored flowers. The western side of the porch also has no columns and is a uniform wall with simple brickwork.Inside the building of Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari palace, plaster and mirror decorations have been used and its gable roof has been covered with wooden boards. The wooden doors of the building are also decorated with mosaics and metalwork with beautiful designs. The basement was built at a depth of one meter from the floor and was probably used by servants. The decoration of the rooms on this floor is limited to simple plastering on the ceiling.It is said that the courtyard of this palace was more extensive in the past and there were large gardens around it which were destroyed due to changes and constructions around it. Now, from the historical castle of Junqan, a beautiful portico, a large swimming pool and a building with a luxurious emperor remain. This building is one of the prominent attractions of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. Those of you who are interested can visit this attraction by participating in group tours of Persian trips Tourism group.